Further Reading

Academic journal articles:

Arp, F. (2014). Emerging giants, aspiring multinationals and foreign executives: Leapfrogging, capability building, and competing with developed country multinationals. Human Resource Management 53(6), 851-876, DOI:10.1002/hrm.21610 (Wiley, FT45-listed, ABDC-ranked A*, ABS level 4)

Arp, F., Hutchings, K., & Smith, W.A. (2013). Foreign executives in local organisations: An exploration of differences to other types of expatriatesJournal of Global Mobility: The Home of Expatriate Management Research, 1(3), 312-335, DOI:10.1108/JGM-01-2013-0006, Emerald 2014 JGM Outstanding Paper Award.

Arp, F. (2013). Typologies: What types of foreign executives are appointed by local organisations and what types of organisations appoint them? German Journal of Research in Human Resource Management / Zeitschrift für Personalforschung, 27(3), 167-194. DOI:10.1177/239700221302700302 Other identifiers = DOI:10.1688/1862-0000_ZfP_2013_03_Arp and hdl.handle.net/10419/85280. Open access to full text at academia.edu, Social Science Research Network (SSRN), econpapers, econstor.eu, the repositories of Monash University and Nottingham University, and at ResearchGate. Founded in 1987 and among the oldest HRM journals worldwide, this is the only double-blind peer-reviewed HRM journal outside the US and the UK covered by the SSCI. ABS level 2. New journal name after acquisition by SAGE Publications: German Journal of Human Resource Management

Arp, F. (2012). For success in a cross-cultural environment, choose foreign executives wisely. Global Business & Organizational Excellence, 32 (1), 40-50, Wiley, DOI:10.1002/joe.21462

Arp, F., Hutchings, K., & Smith, W. A. (2011). Different from expatriates: Foreign executives in local organisations (FELOs). Presented at the 2011 Academy of Management Annual Meeting, August 15, San Antonio, Texas; the 37-pages refereed paper is available for viewing and downloading to Academy of Management Annual Meeting participants from the AoM online paper system. Details of the presentation session are available here.


Conference papers and presentations

Arp, Frithjof & Fu, Pingping (2016). Knowledge transfer through foreign experts: The role of support for geocentric HRM at different hierarchy levels in the headquarters of Chinese firms. Extended abstract of conference paper accepted for and presented at ‘The Global Transformation of Work: Market Integration, China’s Rise and Labor Adaptation’ at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, March 17-18, 2016. DOI:10.5281/zenodo.47890

Introducing a new subject for international business research: Foreign executives in local organisations. Academy of International Business (AIB) — Australia and New Zealand Chapter, 9 November 2009



Research on the phenomenon of foreign executives in local organisations: An overview of two recently published studies. Department of International Business, Tunghai University, Taiwan, 10 March 2014

Seminar: Research on the phenomenon of foreign executives in local organisations: An overview of two recently published studies. Lee Kong Chian School of Business, Singapore Management University, 2 December 2013

Cross-cultural behaviour strategies of foreign executives in local Malaysian organisations. Business in Asia — Management Cases and Readings Forum. RMIT School of Management, Melbourne, Australia 10 November 2009

Foreign executives in local organisations (FELOs): Exploration of the FELO phenomenon in Malaysia. School of Business, Monash University, Sunway Campus, Malaysia 21 May 2009

To date, the bulk of FELO information analysed is contained in a 100,000 words, 365 pages Ph.D. thesis and an ever increasing data set from ongoing research in Southeast Asia and China. Only a minor part of all the data collected has been utilised. Some parts have been extracted and introduced to the scholarly discourse, but the substantive part of past and ongoing fieldwork awaits publication. Much of the information collected is unsuitable for publication in case study format due to privacy concerns and research ethics guidelines: there is a risk that ongoing FELO affiliations can easily be identified from the reporting of ‘descriptive markers’. Their often sensitive nature precludes such identification.


Practitioner research on the FELO phenomenon:

The Korn / Ferry Institute (2009). Lessons from the Asian C-suite: Building global talent and a culture for success. Authored by Michael Bekins.


Autobiographical account by a FELO in Japan:

Murtagh, M (2006). The Blue-Eyed Salaryman: From World Traveller to Lifer at Mitsubishi. London: Profile Books